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New Citizenship Law in Germany: Facilitating Access and Inclusion

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The German Federal Government has given its approval to a groundbreaking citizenship law that seeks to streamline the process of granting citizenship to foreign nationals residing in the country. This significant reform aims to establish facilitated rules and procedures to make the pathway to citizenship smoother and more inclusive.

Shortened Residence Requirement and Birthright Citizenship

One of the most noteworthy aspects of this new law is the reduction of the required period of residence in Germany. The previous eight-year period has been shortened to five years, allowing eligible individuals to attain citizenship more swiftly. Additionally, children born in Germany will be granted citizenship if at least one of their parents has been a resident in the country for five years. This step reflects a commitment to recognizing and valuing long-term contributions to German society.

Interior Minister’s Perspective

Interior Minister Nancy Faeser expressed her contentment with the law’s approval, highlighting its status as a pivotal reform within the traffic light coalition governing Germany. Faeser emphasized the importance of modernizing immigration laws to position the country competitively on the global stage. She emphasized that a modern citizenship law contributes significantly to Germany’s competitiveness as a business destination, paralleling the significance of the previously established Skilled Immigration Act.

Numbers and Social Integration

The Ministry of Interior revealed that a considerable portion of the 12 million foreign nationals in Germany, around 5.3 million, have been residing in the country for a decade or more. This underscores the need to integrate these long-standing residents into the democratic fabric of society. The Ministry noted that this reform seeks to empower these individuals to participate democratically and contribute equally to German society.

Key Points of the Bill

The Ministry of Interior outlined several key points within the newly approved law:

1. Integration and Language Proficiency:

The new law mandates successful integration, a good command of the German language, and the ability to sustain oneself financially for naturalization.

2. Residence Duration:

Citizenship by naturalization will now be granted after five years of residence instead of the previous eight.

3. Accelerated Naturalization:

Exceptional individuals who excel at work or engage in voluntary activities, possess strong German language skills, and are financially independent can become eligible for naturalization after just three years of residence.

4. Birthright Citizenship:

All children born in Germany to foreign parents will automatically receive German citizenship if one parent has lawfully lived in the country for over five years.

5. Naturalization Test Abolition:

The law removes the naturalization test requirement for guest and contract workers who have significantly contributed to Germany’s development.

6. Democratic Commitment:

The law highlights the importance of embracing the democratic values of the country for those seeking citizenship.

Inclusivity with Boundaries

While the law aims to be inclusive, it also emphasizes certain prerequisites and boundaries. Foreigners seeking German citizenship must uphold the principles of gender equality and refrain from engaging in polygamy. This underscores Germany’s commitment to values that align with its democratic foundation.

Economic Self-Sufficiency

The government underscores the significance of financial independence for individuals and their families seeking German citizenship. This requirement reflects the government’s commitment to ensuring that those who become citizens can contribute positively to society and the economy.


Germany’s newly approved citizenship law marks a progressive step towards facilitating inclusion, acknowledging long-term contributions, and streamlining the naturalization process. As the country positions itself in the global competition for talent, this law holds the promise of fostering a more diverse and integrated society, while maintaining the values that underpin its democratic fabric.

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